The dog has nothing to do with the content. used it for comping and it looked just in place.
To easily navigate through the tens of thousands of entries contained here, we had to divert from the common camera classifying model.
To demonstrate, conventional camera classifying method uses ‘SLR’ term to include large Hasselblads, compact Canon SLRs and early Simplex Ernoflex.
Further, we have a ‘search by image’ module. To dump all images at random order in one pile makes little sense. For a meaningful browsing and human eye search it needs to be sorted in some order. Alphabetical order means nothing, as well as format or other common factors. The only meaningful way is to sort the cameras by their style, be it the looks, use or type.
Here is the camera lingo used in this websites. Note that they are used only to describe the camera style for easy reference. There might be leakage at the seams a camera could be defined in more than one way. Any ideas are welcomed.
|Aerial||As the name suggests. Most cases early aviation equipment, WWI to WWII.|
|Box||Early camera for the masses, portable and simple to use, easy media loading.|
|Canonet style||Class the was common from the late 60’s to late 70’s.|
|Cine||Motion pictures cameras, for which there is little information here.|
|Compact||For lack of other description, a plain rangefinder or viewfinder with some settings. Term used to describe a step up from the point and shoot, and below the smarter cameras.|
|Daguerreotype||The very first photography process, used in the 1800’s. More in Daguerreobase|
|Detective||A box type camera, used in the early 1900’s as a portable.|
|Disc||A style short lived, introduced by Kodak in early 80’s. Made by several manufacturers. The Idea of having a small and flat camera was neat; but costs, specialty development and image quality killed it.|
|Disposable||Essentially film with lens. May puzzle the smartphone generation.|
|Eye level direct||Much like a box camera without the boxy style. A simple camera with little or no controls, where you just look through the viewfinder. The harbinger of the point and shoot cameras.|
|Field||Portable view camera, actually luggable. Here used to describe the early 1900’s cameras.|
|Finderless||Camera without a viewer. Either used for special purposes when attach to a another instrument, or accepts a detachable viewer.|
|Folder||Bellows type camera, where the controls and the viewer are on the front-end lens assembly.|
|Goofproof||Point and shoot camera, in most cases automatic and autofocus.|
|Hit||A thumb size Japanese camera class, 17.5mm film, was popular in Japan after WW II.|
|Instant||Immediate gratification picture taking. Earlier cameras were large and boxy, then got smaller till completely disappeared.|
|Jumbo SLR||Professional style SLR’s, medium size format, as made famous by Hasselblad.|
|Jumelle||Style popular in France, binocular shaped camera.|
|Klapp||Here used to classify a folder camera, where some of the controls or the viewer are on the camera body, not on the extended lens end.
From the German Klapp – Folding.
|Leica clone||Knock-off the classic 35mm Leica. Here used also to classify the original. See more in our Leica clones page.|
|Miniature||Small size cameras, between compact and sub-miniature. Latter models were 35mm, while earlier could be other formats.|
|Monorail||Large or medium format studio cameras, mounted on a metal bar for easy handling.|
|Niche||Specialty cameras, made or modified to a specific use. Could be medical. Military or other.|
|Other||Anything that would not fit elsewhere, yet is included here.|
|Panoramic||Used to take wide images, either via wide lens or rotating lens. In many cases also stereo.|
|Pinhole||Camera Obscura – a pin hole in lieu of lens.|
|Here used to describe a small, square, cigar like simple camera, 110 film.|
|Popup||To be grouped with the folder or the klapp cameras, but where the front or the lens assembly pops straight out like Jack In The Box. in German Scheren – scissors.|
|Prepress||Technical camera used for colour separation.|
|Press||Large handheld camera class using different formats and media at different era.|
|Quickbrick||A boxy, simple camera using quick load cartridges, either Kodak Instamatic 126 cartridge or the European equivalent.|
|Rangefinder||More advanced cameras with integral optical range finder.|
|Sliding box||Older wood hardware, where wood box slid into another instead of using bellows.|
|SLR||Here used to classify a compact single lens reflex camera.|
|Stereo||Was popular at photography early days, requires a matching viewer to see image in 3D.|
|Studio||In early ages large cameras used in studio.|
|Submini||Tiny cameras made by different manufacturers, affectionately called ‘spy cameras’. Most used proprietary formats.|
|Tailboard||Older wood cameras where focusing was done via moving the back board.|
|TLR||Twin lens reflex – camera with a viewer lens and a imaging lens, both synchronized. Most configured with top and bottom lenses, while some are with side by side lenses|
|Toy||Either toy, advertising premium or just cheap camera. Yet, in some cases could be valuable.|
|U-SLR||Early large and boxy single lens reflex cameras, where the image is reflected to a viewer concealed within an enclosed area. The ‘U’ just represents an unused letter.|
|Viewfinder||A step above compact cameras, similar style but with controlled shutter speed and aperture.|
|View||Early studio, field or other camera, where the image projects on a glass at the back of the body.|
|X-TLR||Similar to twin lens reflex, but where the viewer lens is either fixes or independent from the imaging lens. Again, the X represents an unused letter.|
|ZoneCross||Sometimes called ‘Bridge Cameras’. Was fashionable for a short period – later 80’s to mid 90’s. A hybrid between fixed lens SLR and a viewfinder.|